Based on the job characteristics model and career construction theory, this study examined the role of internship quality in the employment success of Chinese university students. A four-wave survey study was conducted in a sample of university graduates (N = 207) and the results showed that after the effects of baseline career adaptability (Time 1) were controlled, internship quality (Time 2) and proactive personality (Time 2) positively were both associated with subsequent career adaptability (Time 3), which was further related to indicators of employment success (number of job offers, starting salary, and job search efficiency) at Time 4. In addition, internship quality was also found to be a significant moderator of the relationship between proactive personality and career adaptability as well as employment success, such that when internship quality was lower, the indirect effect of proactive personality on job search success through career adaptability was stronger. The corresponding moderated mediation model was also supported by the results. These findings carry implications for future studies on school-to-work transition and organizational recruitment practices.
- Career adaptability
- Internship quality
- Proactive personality
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
- Life-span and Life-course Studies