Prediction and analysis of properties of ramie fiber staple yarn reinforced unsaturated polyester composite based on fiber packing density

Qi Zuo, Kushairi Mohd Salleh, Chunhong Wang, Shengkai Liu, Chao Lu, Lijian Wang, Yonggang Li, Xiaosu Yi, Sarani Zakaria

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The limitation of plant fiber length can be overcome by using staple spinning to achieve continuity on short fibers. Ramie fiber staple yarn reinforced unsaturated polyester composites (RSYCs) were fabricated with ramie fiber and unsaturated polyester matrix. The unique fiber packing density of staple yarn must be tackled first to reflect the structure of RSYCs. The relationship between fiber packing density of staple yarn and fiber volume fraction of composite was evaluated to investigate the effect of fiber packing density on properties and predict the tensile strength of RSYCs using the rule of mixture. A scanning electron microscope illustrated fiber packing density of staple yarn. When the twist factor was 380 with the optimal yarn count of 80 tex, the fiber packing density was 19.9% higher than that at 260. Compared with the minimum tensile strength of RSYCs at 120 tex, the maximum of RSYCs at 380 was 399.2 MPa, improved by 238.6%. Measured by dynamic mechanical analysis, the viscoelastic rigidity and damping property of RSYCs was the best at 380, with the storage modulus of 31.9 GPa at 40 °C and the tan delta of 0.1226 at 80.59 °C. Compared with the neat resin and ramie fiber, the onset temperature of weight loss of RSYCs tested by thermogravimetric was reduced. The increasing fiber packing density significantly reduced the resin permeability of RSYCs, according to the contact angle and ultrasonic nondestructive testing results. There is no doubt that the obtained fiber packing density possessed great potential for promoting the development of RSYCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109869
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume237
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2022

Keywords

  • Fracture mode
  • Mechanical properties
  • Rule of mixture
  • Twist factor
  • Valid resin
  • Yarn count

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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