The challenges of polyphonic sound event detection (PSED) stem from the detection of multiple overlapping events in a time series. Recent efforts exploit Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) on Time-Frequency Representations (TFRs) of audio clips as model inputs to mitigate such issues. However, existing solutions often rely on a single type of TFR, which causes under-utilization of input features. To this end, we propose a novel PSED framework, which incorporates Multi-Type-Multi-Scale TFRs. Our key insight is that: TFRs, which are of different types or in different scales, can reveal acoustics patterns in a complementary manner, so that the overlapped events can be best extracted by combining different TFRs. Moreover, our framework design applies a novel approach, to adaptively fuse different models and TFRs symbiotically. Hence, the overall performance can be significantly improved. We quantitatively examine the benefits of our framework by using Capsule Neural Networks, a state-of-the-art approach for PSED. The experimental results show that our method achieves a 7% reduction in error rate compared with the state-of-the-art solutions on the TUT-SED 2016 dataset.