Multifunctional bioactive glasses with spontaneous degradation for simultaneous osteosarcoma therapy and bone regeneration

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

For the treatment of tumor-related bone defects resulting from surgical resection, simultaneous eradication of residual tumor cells and repair of bone defects represent a challenge. To date, photothermal therapy based on photothermal materials is used to remove residual tumor cells under near infrared light. However, most of photothermal materials have no function for bone repair, and even if combined with bioactive materials to enhance osteogenesis, they still cause potential harm to the body due to inability to degrade or poor degradability. Herein, multifunctional bioactive glasses (PGFe5-1100, PGCu5-1100) based on phosphate glass doped with transition metal elements were prepared for photothermal ablation, bone regeneration, and controllable degradation. The glasses exhibited excellent photothermal effect, which was derived from the electron in-band transition after light absorption due to energy level splitting of doped transition metal element and the subsequent electron nonradiative relaxation. The photothermal performance can be controlled by laser power density, element doping content and glass melting temperature. Moreover, the hyperthermia induced by the glasses can effectively kill tumor cells in vitro. In addition, the glasses degraded over time, and the released P, Ca, Na, Fe could promote bone cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. Therefore, these results successfully demonstrated that transition metal element-doped phosphate glasses have multifunctional abilities of tumor elimination, bone regeneration, and spontaneous degradation simultaneously with better biosecurity and bioactivity, which is believed to pave the way for the design of novel biomaterials for osteosarcoma treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number213626
JournalBiomaterials Advances
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Bioactive glass
  • Degradation
  • Phosphate glass
  • Photothermal therapy
  • Transition metal element

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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