Micro-flow structure at regime transition from bubbling to turbulent fluidization in a fluidized bed

Chaoyu Yan, Yue Yuan, Xiaoyang Wei, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Gas-solid fluidized beds have found extensive utilization in frontline manufacturing, in particular as low-velocity beds. The fluidization status, the bubbling or turbulent flow regime and the transition in between, determine the system performance in practical applications. Though the convoluted hydrodynamics are quantitively evaluated through numerous data-processing methodologies, none of them alone can reflect all the critical information to identify the transition from the bubbling to the turbulent regime. Accordingly, this study was to exploit a coupling data processing methodology, in the combination of standard deviation, power spectrum density, probability density function, wavelet transform, and wavelet multiresolution method, to jointly explain the micro-flow structure at the regime transition from bubbling to turbulent fluidization. The transient differential pressure fluctuation was measured for the evaluation in a fluidized bed (0.267 m i.d. × 2.5 m height) with FCC catalysts (d¯p=65μm, ρp=1780kg/m3) at different superficial gas velocities (0.02–1.4 m/s). The results show that the onset of turbulent fluidization starts earlier in the top section of the bed than in the bottom section. The wavelet decomposition displays that the fluctuation of differential pressure mainly concentrates on the sub-signals with an intermediate frequency band. These sub-signals could be synthesized into three types of scales (micro-scale, meso-scale, and macro-scale), representing the multi-scale hydrodynamics in the fluidized bed. The micro-scale signal has the characteristic information of bubbling fluidization, and the characteristic information of turbulent fluidization is mainly represented by the meso-scale signal. This work provides a systematic comprehension of fluidization status assessment and serves as an impetus for more coupling analysis in this sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-130
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • Bubbling fluidization
  • Differential pressure fluctuation
  • Flow regime transition
  • Micro-flow structure
  • Turbulent fluidization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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