Integrated motor drives: State of the art and future trends

Robert Abebe, Gaurang Vakil, Giovanni Lo Calzo, Thomas Cox, Simon Lambert, Mark Johnson, Chris Gerada, Barrie Mecrow

Research output: Journal PublicationReview articlepeer-review

125 Citations (Scopus)


With increased need for high power density, high efficiency and high temperature capabilities in aerospace and automotive applications, integrated motor drives (IMD) offers a potential solution. However, close physical integration of the converter and the machine may also lead to an increase in components temperature. This requires careful mechanical, structural and thermal analysis; and design of the IMD system. This study reviews existing IMD technologies and their thermal effects on the IMD system. The effects of the power electronics position on the IMD system and its respective thermal management concepts are also investigated. The challenges faced in designing and manufacturing of an IMD along with the mechanical and structural impacts of close physical integration is also discussed and potential solutions are provided. Potential converter topologies for an IMD like the matrix converter, two-level bridge, three-level neutral point clamped and multiphase full bridge converters are also reviewed. Wide band gap devices like silicon carbide and gallium nitride and their packaging in power modules for IMDs are also discussed. Power modules components and packaging technologies are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-771
Number of pages15
JournalIET Electric Power Applications
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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