Four tigers and the dragon: Values differences, similarities, and consensus

Ho Beng Chia, Carolyn P. Egri, David A. Ralston, Ping Ping Fu, Min Hsun Christine Kuo, Chay Hoon Lee, Yongyuan Li, Yong Lin Moon

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the influence of economic and political factors that contribute to the convergence and/or divergence in value priorities of five East Asian societies-China, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan. We find that political and social-economic factors influence the values orientations of managers within this region. However, economic development level is an insufficient explanation for values convergence without consideration of the societal context and cultural traditions in which that development occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-320
Number of pages16
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Asian tigers
  • China
  • Cross-cultural values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Strategy and Management


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