Traditionally, bubble shapes have been assumed to be spherical in breakup models such as the one developed by Luo and Svendsen in 1996. This particular breakup model has been widely accepted and implemented into computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of gas–liquid two-phase flows. However, simulation results from this model usually provide unreliable predictions about the breakage of very small bubbles. The incorporation of bubble shape variation into breakup models has rarely been documented in literature but the bubble shape plays an important role in the interactions with the surrounding eddies, especially when the effects of bubble deformation, distortion, and bubble internal pressure change are considered during the events of eddy-bubble collision. Thus, the assumption of spherical bubbles seems to be no longer appropriate in reflecting this phenomenon. This study proposes and implements a modified bubble breakup model, which accounts for the variation of bubble shapes when solving the population balance equations for CFD simulation of gas–liquid two-phase flows in bubble columns. The key parameters predicted by the modified breakup model have been compared with the ones predicted by the original model. The simulation results of interfacial area and mass transfer coefficient for larger bubbles have been greatly enhanced by the modified breakup model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes