Black liquor as biomass feedstock to prepare zero-valent iron embedded biochar with red mud for Cr(VI) removal: Mechanisms insights and engineering practicality

Huabin Wang, Jiayi Cai, Zhuwei Liao, Ali Jawad, Jerosha Ifthikar, Zhulei Chen, Zhuqi Chen

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Black liquor (BL) is an agro-industrial residue with high number of lignocellulosic components which could be recognized as a biomass feedstock. In this work, BL coupled with red mud (RM), were applied to prepare cost-effective zero-valent iron (ZVI) embedded in biochar. The oligomers in BL acted as reductants for RM to generate ZVI, while the organic components could be converted into biochar during pyrolysis. The RM/BL demonstrated excellent performance in the removal of Cr(VI) (349.5 mg/g), as the mechanisms were reduction and adsorption. The fixed-bed column study was conducted and 1.7 L simulated wastewater could be treated by 1.0 g RM/BL. After reaction, 95.5% ± 0.8% and 82.5%±3.2% Cr-loaded adsorbents could be recovered by an external magnet for batch and fixed-bed experiments, respectively. All these results shed light on valorizing these two widespread agro-industrial byproducts, and bridged the knowledge gap between magnetic bio-adsorbent preparation and its industrial practicality on wastewater purification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123553
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume311
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020

Keywords

  • Black liquor
  • Cr(VI) removal
  • Fixed-bed column
  • Magnetic separation
  • Zero-valent iron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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