Wavelet denoising and nonlinear analysis of solids concentration signal in circulating fluidized bed riser

Li Li Gu, Yawen Zhang, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Particles, particle aggregates, and reactor walls complicate the dynamic microstructures of circulating fluidized beds (CFBs). Using local solids concentration data from a 10-m-high and 76.2-mm-inner-diameter riser with FCC (Fluid Catalytic Cracking) particles (dp = 67 μm, ρp = 1500 kg/m3), this paper presents an improved denoising process for use before nonlinear chaos analysis. Using the soft-threshold denoising method in the wavelet domain with experimental empty bed signals as base data to estimate the denoising threshold, an efficient denoising algorithm was proposed and used for the dynamic signals in CFBs. Analysis shows that for the local solids concentration time series, high-frequency fluctuations may be one of the system properties, while noise interference can also make a low-frequency contribution. An exact denoising method is needed in such cases. The correlation dimension and Kolmogorov entropy were calculated using denoised data and the results showed that the particle behavior in the CFB is highly complex. Generally, two correlation dimensions coexist in a low-flux CFB. The first correlation dimension is low and corresponds to small-scale fluctuations that reveal a high-frequency pseudo-periodic movement, but the second correlation dimension is high and corresponds to large-scale fluctuations that indicate multi-frequency movements, including particle aggregation and breakage. At the same axial level, the first correlation dimensions change slightly with radial position, and the main tendency is high at the center but slightly lower near the wall. However, the second correlation dimensions show large changes along the radial direction, are again high in the core region, and after r/R ≥ 0.6 (r as radial position, R as radius of the riser), the dimensions clearly drop down. This indicates that the particle behavior is more complex and has higher degrees of freedom at the center, but clusters near the wall are restrained to some degree because of wall effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Circulating fluidized bed riser
  • Correlation dimension
  • Kolmogorov entropy
  • Soft threshold denoising
  • Time delay embedding
  • Wavelet transform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Wavelet denoising and nonlinear analysis of solids concentration signal in circulating fluidized bed riser'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this