The onset liquid velocity demarcating the conventional and the circulating fluidization regimes of three-phase fluidized beds was determined by measuring the time required to empty all particles in a batch fluidized bed at various liquid and gas velocities. Experiments were performed in a gas-liquid-solid circulating fluidized bed of 2.7 m in height using glass beads of 0.508 mm in diameter as solid phase and air and tap water as the fluidizing gas and liquid, respectively. The results show that gas velocity is a strong factor on the onset liquid velocity. Higher gas velocity yields a lower onset liquid velocity. It is also demonstrated that the onset liquid velocity has the same value as particle terminal velocity in a gas-liquid mixture. Within the gas-liquid-solid circulating fluidization regime, the solids circulation rate is increased with the total liquid velocity and the auxiliary liquid velocity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering