Throughput Maximization of Wireless-Powered Communication Networks: An Energy Threshold Approach

Kechen Zheng, Xiaoying Liu, Biao Wang, Haifeng Zheng, Kaikai Chi, Yuan Yao

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we consider a wireless-powered communication network (WPCN) where one mobile hybrid access point (HAP) coordinates the wireless energy transfer to sensor nodes and receives data from sensor nodes, which are powered exclusively by the harvested wireless energy. As the harvest-then-transmit protocol is employed by sensor nodes, a major challenge lies on the tradeoff between achievable throughput and energy harvesting opportunity of sensor nodes. Confronting this challenge, we develop an energy threshold approach by jointly considering geographic locations and energy states of sensor nodes, where wireless energy transfer occurs when none of the sensor nodes in the range of data transmission has more energy than the threshold, otherwise data transmission from one randomly chosen qualified sensor node to the HAP occurs. By comparing the range of energy harvesting and that of data transmission, we divide the network topology into two cases for throughput analysis, and formulate the energy states of sensor nodes as Markov chain processes with different energy state spaces in the two cases. Through monotonicity analysis of achievable throughput and probability distribution of energy states, we prove the existence of the optimal energy threshold that maximizes the achievable throughput, and find that the achievable throughput under infinite battery size could be viewed as the upper bound of that under the limited battery size. Finally, simulation results validate theoretical results of the optimal energy threshold, and show the impacts of system parameters on the achievable throughput.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9319536
Pages (from-to)1292-1306
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Energy harvesting
  • markov chain process
  • wireless-powered communication networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Automotive Engineering


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