Three-dimensional multiphase flow computational fluid dynamics models for proton exchange membrane fuel cell: A theoretical development

Jean Paul Kone, Xinyu Zhang, Yuying Yan, Guilin Hu, Goodarz Ahmadi

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A review of published three-dimensional, computational fluid dynamics models for proton exchange membrane fuel cells that accounts for multiphase flow is presented. The models can be categorized as models for transport phenomena, geometry or operating condition effects, and thermal effects. The influences of heat and water management on the fuel cell performance have been repeatedly addressed, and these still remain two central issues in proton exchange membrane fuel cell technology. The strengths and weaknesses of the models, the modelling assumptions, and the model validation are discussed. The salient numerical features of the models are examined, and an overview of the most commonly used computational fluid dynamic codes for the numerical modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells is given. Comprehensive three-dimensional multiphase flow computational fluid dynamic models accounting for the major transport phenomena inside a complete cell have been developed. However, it has been noted that more res arch is required to develop models that include among other things, the detailed composition and structure of the catalyst layers, the effects of water droplets movement in the gas flow channels, the consideration of phase change in both the anode and the cathode sides of the fuel cell, and dissolved water transport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-25
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Computational Multiphase Flows
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Modelling
  • Multiphase flow
  • Numerical
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (all)

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