The JAK3 inhibitor WHI-P154 prevents PDGF-evoked process outgrowth in human neural precursor cells

G. R. Richards, A. J. Smith, P. Cuddon, Q. P. Ma, M. Leveridge, J. Kerby, H. L. Roderick, M. D. Bootman, P. B. Simpson

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The prospect of manipulating endogenous neural stem cells to replace damaged tissue and correct functional deficits offers a novel mechanism for treating a variety of CNS disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate pathways controlling neurite outgrowth in human neural precursor cells, in particular in response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). PDGF-AA, -AB and -BB were found to initiate calcium signalling and produce robust increases in neurite outgrowth. PDGF-induced outgrowth of Tuj1-positive precursors was abolished by the addition of EGTA, suggesting that calcium entry is a critical part of the signalling pathway. Wortmannin and PD098059 failed to inhibit PDGF-induced outgrowth. Clostridium Toxin B increased the amount of PDGF-induced neurite branching but had no effect on basal levels. In contrast, WHI-P154, an inhibitor of Janus protein tyrosine kinase (JAK3), Hck and Syk, prevented PDGF-induced neurite outgrowth. PDGF activates multiple signalling pathways with considerable potential for cross-talk. This study has highlighted the complexity of the pathways leading to neurite outgrowth in human neural precursors, and provided initial evidence to suggest that calcium entry is critical in producing the morphological changes observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-210
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • ArrayScan
  • Human neural precursors
  • Neurite outgrowth
  • Platelet-derived growth factor
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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