Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanostructures

Ibrahim Khan, Amjad Khalil, Firdous Khanday, Ahsan Mushir Shemsi, Ahsanulhaq Qurashi, Khawar Sohail Siddiqui

Research output: Journal PublicationReview articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MIONPs) have been extensively utilized for several applications that include catalysis (artificial enzymes, nanozyme), renewable energy harvesting, solvents detoxification, heavy-metal remediation, biosensors and medical biotechnology such as drug delivery and magnetic resonance imaging. The magnetic susceptibility of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) is the key feature, which enables them to be utilized for these applications. Depending on specific applications, various experimental methods like hydrothermal, sol–gel, co-precipitation, physical (PVD), and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) can be employed for the fabrication of MIONPs of desired properties. This review critically discusses various techniques for the synthesis and characterization of MIONPs, and their key applications in the fields of health, environment, agriculture, energy, and industrial sectors. The review is concluded with suggestions for future research with a view to efficient utilization and technological applications of MIONPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-61
Number of pages19
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Agriculture
  • Energy harvesting
  • Environmental remediation
  • Health
  • Industry
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nanotechnology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanostructures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this