Strategies for Integrating Metal Nanoparticles with Two-Photon Polymerization Process: Toward High Resolution Functional Additive Manufacturing

Jisun Im, Yaan Liu, Qin Hu, Gustavo F. Trindade, Christopher Parmenter, Michael Fay, Yinfeng He, Derek J. Irvine, Christopher Tuck, Ricky D. Wildman, Richard Hague, Lyudmila Turyanska

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reports the successful fabrication of complex 3D metal nanoparticle–polymer nanocomposites using two-photon polymerization (2PP). Three complementary strategies are detailed: in situ formation of metal nanoparticles (MeNPs) through a single-step photoreduction process, integration of pre-formed MeNPs into 2PP resin, and site-selective MeNPs decoration of 3D 2PP structures. In the in situ formation strategy, a phase-transfer method is applied to transfer silver and copper ions from an aqueous phase into a toluene solvent to disperse them in photoreactive monomers.The addition of a photosensitive dye, coumarin 30, facilitated the reduction of silver ions and improved the distribution of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). This strategy is successfully used to produce other MeNPs, such as Cu and Au. The integration of pre-formed MeNPs enabled highly controlled NP size distribution within the 2PP 3D structures with high-fidelity To enable selective decoration of 2PP 3D surfaces with MeNPs, a multimaterial strategy is developed, with one of the resins designed for thiol-ene reaction, which demonstrated selective binding to AuNPs. The successful development of complementary strategies for integration of MeNPs into 2PP resins offers exciting opportunities for fabrication of MeNP composites with sub-micron resolution for applications from photonics to metamaterials and drug delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2211920
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume33
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • gold nanoparticles
  • metal nanoparticles
  • micro additive manufacturing
  • multi-material printing
  • silver nanoparticles
  • Two-photon polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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