Sonochemical assisted hydrothermal synthesis of pseudo-flower shaped Bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) and their solar-driven water splitting application

Ibrahim Khan, Shahid Ali, Muhammad Mansha, Ahsanulhaq Qurashi

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) is a well-known photocatalyst due to its lower bandgap (Eg) and visible electromagnetic light absorption capacity. Herein, we reported the pulse ultra-sonochemical assisted hydrothermal approach to synthesize S-BiVO4. For the comparison purpose, H-BiVO4 is also synthesized via conventional hydrothermal approach. The surface morphology of S-BiVO4 through scanning electron microscope (SEM) indicates condensed microarrays (MAs) having pseudo-flower shapes. The energy dispersive X-rays (EDX) spectrum also confirmed the elemental percent composition of Bi, V and O in BiVO4. X-rays diffraction (XRD) pattern further confirmed the monoclinic scheelite phase of S-BiVO4. Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectrum showed Bi–O and Bi–V–O vibrational bands at 1382 and 1630 cm−1, respectively. The diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) indicated absorption edge at ∼515 nm, corresponds to bandgap value (Eg) of 2.41 eV, which is suitable range for water splitting applications. The photocurrent density from water splitting under artificial 1 SUN visible light source found at 60 and 50 μA/cm2 for S-BiVO4 and H-BiVO4, respectively. The stability test through chronoamperometry showed that S-BiVO4 was more stable than H-BiVO4. It can be depicted from the growth mechanism that ultrasonication played a definite role in the overall synthesis of pseudo-flower shaped S-BiVO4 MAs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-392
Number of pages7
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BiVO MAs
  • Photoactive
  • Photocurrent
  • Sonochemical
  • Water splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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