Shakedown analysis for pavements with cross-anisotropic materials

Shu Liu, Juan Wang, Haisui Yu, Dariusz Wanatowski

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


Shakedown analysis can provide maximum capacity of structures under cyclic loads based on elastic-plastic theory; therefore it can be used as a theoretical basis to calculate pavement design loads (shakedown limit). Existing pavement shakedown analyses were carried out by assuming the materials are isotropic; however the influence of material anisotropy was ignored. In this paper, by using static shakedown theorem and finite element analysis, a shakedown approach is developed to estimate shakedown limits of multi-layered pavements with cross-anisotropic materials. It is found that the assumption of materials isotropy may overestimate pavement capacity under traffic loads.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-11
Number of pages6
JournalTumu Gongcheng Xuebao/China Civil Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015


  • Cross-anisotropy
  • Multi-layered pavements
  • Shakedown analysis
  • Static shakedown theorem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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