Russian soft power in central Asia: conceptualization and implementation

JeongWon Bourdais Park, Aidana Paizova, Gulnara Dadabayeva

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


This work is devoted to conceptualization of «soft power» concept in academic science, studying Russia as a particular case of a hard country with an alternative approach to soft power. The COVID outbreak provides another strong argument in favor of changing nature of power in international relations in the 21st century. By another words, the coronavirus revealed the main normative nature of the soft power paradigm, which works well enough in theory but is mostly unproven in the real world. Applying the theory of neoclassical realism to explain the logic of employing Russian soft power, this research is aimed to revealing the effectiveness of the Russian strategy in the Central Asian region, as well as the
reasons and factors that determine the advantages of Russian soft power in such weak and at the same time authoritarian countries as Central Asian, where leaders, in their turns, show different external orientation toward integrational process led by Kremlin. Therefore, personal transnational or «Trans imperial» communications serve as the main transmission mechanism of Moscow.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-82
JournalBulletin of History
Issue number101
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • soft power
  • Russian influence
  • Central Asia
  • public diplomacy


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