Rotor Slot Design of Squirrel Cage Induction Motors with Improved Rated Efficiency and Starting Capability

Mauro Di Nardo, Alessandro Marfoli, Michele Degano, Chris Gerada

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Among the electro-mechanical devices transforming energy from electrical to mechanical, the squirrel cage induction motor can be surely considered a workhorse of the industry due to its robustness, low cost, and good performance when directly fed by the ac grid. Being the most influencing motor topology in terms of energy consumption, optimizing the efficiency of squirrel cage induction motors could lead to a great impact toward the reduction of the human environmental footprint. The induction motor design aided by finite element analysis presents significant challenges because an accurate performance prediction requires a considerable computational burden. This article makes use of an innovative fast and accurate performance evaluation method embedded into an automatic design procedure to optimize different rotor slot geometries. After introducing the performance estimation approach, its advantages and limits are discussed comparing its prediction with the experimental tests carried out on an off-the-shelf induction motor. Different rotor cage structures with increasing geometrical complexity are then optimized in terms of starting and rated performance adopting the same design optimization process, the same stator geometry and constituent materials. The analysis of the optimal solutions shows how it is possible to improve the rated efficiency without compromising other performance indexes. The presented results can be used as general design guidelines of squirrel cage induction motors for industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3383-3393
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Boucherot Bar
  • efficiency
  • fast performance computation
  • finite element analysis
  • induction motor
  • multiobjective optimization
  • rotor slot design
  • squirrel cage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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