Review on the traditional and integrated passives: State-of-the-art design and technologies

Muhammad Raza Khowja, Robert Abebe, Gaurang Vakil, Adam Walker, Chintan Patel, Chris Gerada, Phaneendra Babu Bobba, Giuseppe Leonardo Cascella

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


With the increased necessity of a high power density and efficient system in aerospace and marine industries, integrated motor drives provide an excellent solution in the modern era. Therefore, a close structural and functional integration of passive components has become a prerequisite task to make a compact overall system. This article reviews the existing motor drives system with integrated passive technologies. To start, the design aspect of the traditional and integrated filter inductors, using the area product approach, is discussed. Subsequently, layouts of traditional and integrated inductors are presented. The available capacitor technologies, suitable for integration, are also discussed with pros and cons of each capacitor type.

Original languageEnglish
Article number88
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Aerospace applications
  • Capacitor
  • Filter branch windings
  • Inductor
  • Integrated motor
  • Motor branch windings
  • Passive components

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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