Review on Nitrogen Transformation during Microalgae Thermochemical Liquefaction: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives

Siyuan Yin, Yuanyuan Shao, Tianyi Bao, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Producing biocrude from wet biomass such as microalgae via hydrothermal liquefaction has been attracting extensive attention. However, those biocrude usually contained high nitrogen and oxygen and produced massive nitrogen oxides during downstream utilization like combustion. Because hydrothermal liquefaction is a complex and dynamic transformation process, the pathway of nitrogen during microalgae hydrothermal liquefaction has not yet been clearly described. This work critically and comprehensively reviewed the effects of detecting and analyzing method, microalgae property and operating condition on the nitrogen contents, and the types of nitrogen organic compounds of biocrude. The mechanism of nitrogen transformation in the hydrothermal liquefaction process was systematically summarized; the dominant reactions in each stage were described in detail. Moreover, the nitrogen removal methods from biocrude were proposed from two perspectives: feedstock and product, respectively. Finally, challenges and future perspectives are proposed in view of the existing research gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1525-1544
Number of pages20
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Review on Nitrogen Transformation during Microalgae Thermochemical Liquefaction: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this