Solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) grown on electrode surfaces during charge-discharge processes plays a key role in the cycle performance of lithium-ion batteries. In-situ study of cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI) is challenging due to the complicated interfacial reactions on the cathode materials including gas formation and the formation of thin CEI film. Herein, we applied the electrochemical atomic force microscope (EC-AFM) to study the interfacial changes in high energy density Li- and Mn-rich (LMR) materials with an F-rich electrolyte (1 M LiPF6 FEC/FEMC/HFE). The study indicated that the electrolyte formed a uniform and dense passivation CEI film on the LMR material surface at high voltage. The CEI is composed of inorganic LiF substrate as confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The assembled battery (LMR||Li) shows an excellent cycle performance and maintains capacity at 85.5% after 100 cycles, compared to the 13.7% retention rate of commercial carbonate electrolyte (1 M LiPF6 EC/EMC/DMC).
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||Applied Surface Science|
|Publication status||Published Online - 1 Jul 2022|
- Cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI)
- Electrochemical atomic force microscope (EC-AFM)
- High-voltage electrolytes
- Lithium-ion batteries