Research progress of solids holdup increase and solids distribution enhancement in downer reactors

Chengxiu Wang, Jingxu Zhu, Xingying Lan, Jinsen Gao

Research output: Journal PublicationReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The efficient conversion and optimal utilization of heavy oil has great practical significance to the national economic development. Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) is an effective vehicle for heavy oil upgrading. However, the riser, as a key component of the FCC unit, is characterized by the non-uniform "core-annuals" flow structure with relatively significant gas and solids backmixing which may result in low reactant conversion and product selectivity. The downer reactor, where gas and solids move downward co-currently has unique features such as the plug-like flow structure and much more uniform gas-solid distribution compared to the riser reactor. The downer is therefore acknowledged as a novel multiphase flow reactor with great potential in upgrading heavy oil. However, low solids holdup and poor initial gas-solid contacting hinder the promotion of the downer reactors. In this paper, previous studies on increasing solids concentration and initial gas-solid mixing in the downer reactors are summarized. Studies on the mechanism of increasing solids concentration and promoting initial mixing will not only enrich the fundamental research but also benefit the promotion of the downer reactor in its applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2810-2816
Number of pages7
JournalHuagong Xuebao/CIESC Journal
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Downer
  • Fluidized-bed
  • High density
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Inlet structure
  • Reactors
  • Solids distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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