Research on the Compensation Matching Design and Output Performance for Two-Axis-Compensated Compulsators

Weiduo Zhao, Xuejiao Wang, Shaopeng Wu, Shumei Cui, Chris Gerada, Hao Yan

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Compulsators are popular choices for various high-power electromagnetic launch applications, especially for the electromagnetic railgun. A two-axis-compensated compulsator with lower internal impedance and higher power density was proposed in the authors' previous paper. The field windings and compensating windings are allocated electrical orthogonally, providing the opportunity to design the direct-axis and quadrature-axis compensations independently. Due to the excitation function of the field windings, as well as field windings and compensating windings at the same rotor periphery, the ratio between d -axis and q -axis compensation is determined not only by the waveform of the air-gap flux density but also by the occupied space of windings, electromagnetic force during discharge and temperature rise and cooling condition. All these aspects mentioned above were analyzed in this paper. Furthermore, the output performance for single pulse discharge of a 2-m railgun with 100-g armature and multiple pulses discharge of a 5-m railgun with 300-g armature was simulated and compared. The results indicated that the two-axis compensation could obtain benefits by introducing more sinusoidal discharge currents for single pulse mission comparing to traditional compensation structure, whereas no obvious advantages for a flat-topped current waveform for multiple pulses mission.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8606439
Pages (from-to)2445-2451
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • Compulsators
  • pulsed power supplies
  • railguns compensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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