Rate-Splitting for Multicarrier Multigroup Multicast: Precoder Design and Error Performance

Hongzhi Chen, De Mi, Tong Wang, Zheng Chu, Yin Xu, Dazhi He, Pei Xiao

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Employing multi-antenna rate-splitting (RS) at the transmitter and successive interference cancellation (SIC) at the receivers, has emerged as a powerful transceiver strategy for multi-antenna networks. In this paper, we design RS precoders for an overloaded multicarrier multigroup multicast downlink system, and analyse the error performance. RS splits each group message into degraded and designated parts. The degraded parts are combined and encoded into a degraded stream, while the designated parts are encoded in designated streams. All streams are precoded and superimposed in a non-orthogonal fashion before being transmitted over the same time-frequency resource. We first derive the optimized RS-based precoder, where the design philosophy is to achieve a fair user group rate for the considered scenario by solving a joint max-min fairness and sum subcarrier rate optimization problem. Comparing with other precoding schemes including the state-of-the-art multicast transmission scheme, we show that the RS precoder outperforms its counterparts in terms of the fairness rate, with Gaussian signalling, i.e., idealistic assumptions. Then we integrate the optimized RS precoder into a practical transceiver design for link-level simulations (LLS), with realistic assumptions such as finite alphabet inputs and finite code block length. The performance metric becomes the coded bit error rate (BER). In the system under study, low-density parity-check (LDPC) encoding is applied at the transmitter, and iterative soft-input soft-output detection and decoding are employed at the successive interference cancellation based receiver, which completes the LLS processing chain and helps to generate the coded error performance results which validate the effectiveness of the proposed RS precoding scheme compared with benchmark schemes, in terms of the error performance. More importantly, we unveil the corresponding relations between the achievable rate in the idealistic case and coded BER in the realistic case, e.g., with finite alphabet input, for the RS precoded multicarrier multigroup multicast scenario.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9403732
Pages (from-to)619-630
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Broadcasting
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • coded bit error rate
  • Downlink multiuser MISO
  • multicarrier multigroup multicast
  • optimization
  • rate-splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Media Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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