Ownership concentration and product innovation in Chinese private SMEs

Ziliang Deng, Peter S. Hofman, Alexander Newman

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)


Product innovation is extremely important to the growth, success, and ultimate survival of firms. Although its unique features in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have gained growing attention in the literature, there is limited knowledge as to how ownership concentration moderates the relationship between product innovation and its determinants. Based upon insights from agency and institutional theories, we examine the moderating effects of ownership concentration on the relationship between product innovation and its key determinants in Chinese SMEs, utilizing a large dataset of 43,728 Chinese firms over the period 2005-2006. We focus on examining the differences between single-owner SMEs, where there is dominant control of one family member, and multiple-owner SMEs, where principal-agent conflicts and principal-principal conflicts are more likely to occur. Our findings indicate that single-owned firms tend to convert research and development into product innovation more efficiently than firms with multiple owners, who are typically better at utilizing external sources of knowledge and human capital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-734
Number of pages18
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


  • China
  • Family ownership
  • Private sector
  • Product innovation
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Strategy and Management


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