Numerical simulations of ultrafine powder coating systems

Z. Li, J. Zhu, C. Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Numerical simulations for gas-solid two-phase flows were conducted for an experimental coating booth and an industrial coating booth to study the effect of the coating powder size on the performance of the coating process. To optimize coating parameters, simulations were conducted for different coating parameters, such as the size of the coating part, the distance between the coating part and the spray gun, the air flow rate and particle flow rate from the spray gun, the position of the pattern adjust sleeve of the spray gun, and the electrostatic field, in order to increase the coating process efficiency and coating quality. In numerical simulations, the air flow field is obtained by solving three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations with standard κ-ε turbulence model and non-equilibrium wall function. The second phase, the coating powder, consists of spherical particles and is dispersed in the continuous phase, the air. In addition to solving transport equations for the air, the trajectories of the particles are calculated by solving the particle motion equations using Lagrangian method. It is assumed that the particle-particle interaction can be neglected due to low particle volume fraction in coating systems. The electrostatic field is predicted by solving the Laplace equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-167
Number of pages13
JournalPowder Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrostatics
  • Eulerian method
  • Gas-solid two-phase flow
  • Lagrangian method
  • Numerical simulation
  • Particle transfer efficiency
  • Powder coating
  • Turbulence model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering


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