Nonlinear power flow analysis of the Duffing oscillator

J. Yang, Y. P. Xiong, J. T. Xing

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Power flow characteristics of different forms of the Duffing oscillator, subject to harmonic excitations, are studied in this paper to reveal the distinct power input and dissipation behaviour arising from its nonlinearity. Power flow variables, instead of the displacement and velocity responses, are used to examine the effects of nonlinear phenomena including sub-/super-harmonic resonances, non-uniqueness of solutions, bifurcations and chaos. Both analytical harmonic balance approximations and Runge-Kutta numerical integrations are adopted to effectively address instantaneous/time-averaged power flows of the system with periodic/chaotic motions without losing the essential nonlinear characteristics. It is demonstrated that only the in-phase velocity component with the same frequency as the excitation contributes to the time-averaged input power (TAIP). It is shown that super-/sub-harmonic resonances may result in substantial increases in TAIP and the nonlinearity leads to varying time-averaged power flow levels sensitive to the initial conditions. The study reveals that bifurcations may cause large jumps in time-averaged input power. However, for bifurcations of periodic to chaotic motions encountered in the low-frequency range, the corresponding variations in TAIP of the double-well potential systems are small. For a chaotic response, the associated TAIP is insensitive to the initial conditions but tends to an asymptotic value as the averaging time increases, and thus can be used as a measure to quantify chaotic responses. The paper concludes some inherently nonlinear power flow characteristics which differ greatly from those of the linear systems, and provides useful information for applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-578
Number of pages16
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Bifurcation
  • Chaos
  • Duffing oscillator
  • Nonlinear stiffness
  • Power flow analysis
  • Super-/sub-harmonic resonances

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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