Natural hydroxyapatite from fishbone waste for the rapid adsorption of heavy metals of aqueous effluent

H. Hernández-Cocoletzi, Rafael A. Salinas, E. Águila-Almanza, E. Rubio-Rosas, Wai Siong Chai, Kit Wayne Chew, C. Mariscal-Hernández, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, metal ions removal using hydroxyapatite (HAp) derived from fishbone waste was reported. Various characterization techniques confirmed the presence of HAp. Optimal adsorption occurred in the first 5 min of contact for both Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions. Larger particle size favor higher adsorption efficiency for Ni2+ case while the reverse was displayed for Cu2+ case. More than 80% ions removal was achieved in all cases for Ni2+, but for the case with Cu2+ ions, only particle size of 53μm achieved optimal ions removal of > 87%. In both cases, heat treatment was unnecessary. The samples after contact with Cu2+ required neutralization but no treatment was required for Ni2+ case. SEM results showed that higher ion removal efficiency was attributed to higher porosity. Further testing with atomic adsorption spectroscopy carried out with Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ showed the optimal particle size was 53μm and > 95% ion removal efficiency achieved with optimal setting for all cases. Cu2+ adsorption was fitted with Langmuir adsorption isotherm while Ni2+ and Zn2+ adsorption were fitted with Freundlich adsorption equation. Unchanged pH value of aqueous solution for Cu2+ case led to the conclusion that HAp performed best as a bioadsorbent at a more neutral pH. This study is expected to contribute to metal ions removal in water purification and wastewater treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101109
JournalEnvironmental Technology and Innovation
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Adsorption
  • Bioadsorbent
  • Fishbone waste
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Metal ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science


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