Molybdenum impregnated g-C3N4 nanotubes as potentially active photocatalyst for renewable energy applications

Naseer Iqbal, Adeel Afzal, Ibrahim Khan, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Ahsanulhaq Qurashi

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Molybdenum (Mo) impregnated g-C3N4 (Mo-CN) nanotubes are fabricated via a thermal/hydrothermal process to augment photoelectrochemical properties during solar-driven water-splitting (SDWS) reactions. Graphitic-C3N4 is an attractive material for photocatalysis because of its suitable band energy, high thermal and chemical stability. The FE-SEM and HR-TEM comprehend the nanotube-like morphology of Mo-CN. The spectroscopic characterization revealed bandgap energy of 2.63 eV with high visible-light activity. The x-ray diffraction of pristine g-C3N4 and Mo-CN nanotubes discloses the formation of triazine-based nanocrystalline g-C3N4, which remains stable during hydrothermal impregnation of Mo. Furthermore, Mo-CN nanotubes possess high sp2-hybridized nitrogen content, and metallic/oxidized Mo nanoparticles (in a ratio of 1:2) are impregnated into g-C3N4. The XPS analysis confirms C, N, and Mo for known atomic and oxidation states in Mo-CN. Furthermore, high photocurrent efficiency (~ 5.5 mA/cm2) is observed from 5%-Mo-CN nanotubes. That displays efficient SDWS by 5%-Mo-CN nanotubes than other counterparts. Impedance spectroscopy illustrated the lowest charge transfer resistance (Rct) of 5%-Mo-CN nanotubes, which further confirms the fast electron transfer kinetics and efficient charge separation resulting in high photocurrent generation. Hence, 5%Mo-CN composite nanotubes can serve as a potential photocatalytic material for viable solar-driven water splitting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16886
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Molybdenum impregnated g-C3N4 nanotubes as potentially active photocatalyst for renewable energy applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this