The effect of the silicon to aluminum ratio (SAR) and alkali metal cations on adsorption and diffusion properties of ZSM-5 and silicate-1 zeolites was investigated using n-hexane as the model probe via giant canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A wide range of SAR was considered in this study to explore the possible adsorption sites in the zeolites. The findings show that, at 298 K and 423 K, adsorption and diffusion of n-hexane on/in low SAR (≤50) H-ZSM-5 models were promoted due to the preferable distribution of n-hexane in straight channels and enhanced interaction between protons and n-hexane molecules (about 24 kcal·mol−1). In alkali metal cation (i.e., Na+ and K+) exchanged ZSM-5, the alkali metal cations affected transport of molecules, which led to significant differences in their adsorption and diffusion properties compared to HZSM-5. In the Na+ and K+ systems, lower saturated adsorption capacities were predicted compared to that of silicate-1, which could be attributed to the decrease in effective void size posed by alkali–metal cations. In addition, simulation results also suggested that the T9 and T3 are the most likely sites for n-hexane adsorption, followed by T2, T5, and T10. Findings of the work can be beneficial to the rational design of high-performance zeolite catalysts for n-hexane conversion.
- Alkali metal cations
- MFI zeolites
- Silicon to aluminum ratio (SAR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry