Low-rise Office Retrofit: Prerequisite for Sustainable and Green Buildings in Shanghai

Y. Hong, W. Deng, Collins I. Ezeh

Research output: Journal PublicationConference articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)


Commercial buildings comprise of 25% office blocks, largest proportion in commercial sector with highest energy consumption in Shanghai. Nevertheless, the demand for office space is still rising, driven by state-owned enterprises. Unfortunately, these existing buildings are energy inefficient as they barely adapt to present varying climate conditions of the province. Owing to aggravated climate change and rising urbanization rate of Shanghai, attention should be directed towards upgrade of office buildings to meet set sustainable building standards. 3-dimensional spatial characterization using vector topographic mapping posits low-rise buildings account for more than 50% of total buildings in Shanghai. Hence, retrofitting existing low-rise office buildings will significantly contribute to building sustainability. Subsequently, a retrofit package guideline suitable for sporadic energy use mode in rapidly expanding cities like Shanghai should be established. This nascent study postulates an updated correlation between climate change and building energy consumption in Shanghai. Based on the postulation, it is recommended that the best energy conserving building retrofit package is that which can mitigate the impact of both societal factors (like urbanization rate) and climate change to building energy consumption. In general, this study defines a foundation framework for building researchers and decision-makers to effectively evaluate retrofit measures for existing buildings become sustainability in Shanghai.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012025
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2019
Event2019 3rd International Conference on Environmental and Energy Engineering, IC3E 2019 - Shanghai, China
Duration: 14 Mar 201916 Mar 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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