Local solids flow structure in a countercurrent liquid-upward and solids-downward fluidized bed (CCLSFB) system

Enming Zhang, Keying Ma, Yuanyuan Shao, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The local solids holdup and local particle velocity in a Countercurrent Liquid-upward and Solids-downward Fluidized Bed (CCLSFB) were investigated in details using optical fiber probes with two different models in a Plexiglas column of 1.5 m in height and 7.0 cm in inner diameter. A new flow regime map including fluidized bed, transition, and flooding regimes was established. The axial solids holdup distribution is almost uniform at low liquid velocity and/or solids flowrate and becomes less uniform with higher solids holdup at the top of the column after the operating liquid velocity is reaching the flooding velocity. The radial solids holdup profile is also nearly flat with a slightly lower solids holdup in the near-wall region at low liquid velocity and solids flowrate but becomes nonuniform as the operating liquid velocity approaches the flooding velocity. Two equations were also proposed to correlate radial local solids holdups. The descending particle velocity in CCLSFB increases with the decrease of the liquid velocity and the increase of the solids flowrate. A generally uniform particle velocity distribution was found in the axial direction, as well as in the radial direction except for a small decrease near the wall. These results on the local solids flow structure would provide basic information and theoretical supports for the design and industrial application of CCLSFB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-22
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Countercurrent liquid-solid fluidized bed
  • Flow regime
  • Optical fiber probe
  • Particle velocity
  • Solids holdup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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