Load Control for the DC Electrical Power Distribution System of the More Electric Aircraft

Sandro Gunter, Giampaolo Buticchi, Giovanni De Carne, Chunyang Gu, Marco Liserre, He Zhang, Chris Gerada

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The more electric aircraft concept aims at increasing the amount and the power of the electrical subsystems on the next generation of aircraft. One of the major challenges in this framework is that the electric power is generated by means of electrical generators connected to the jet turbine shaft. In order to satisfy the peak power demand and overload conditions, the generators are oversized, increasing weight and total cost of operation. Possible solutions to this problem is to decrease the size of the generator and to provide the peak power with storage systems. As an alternative, load disconnection during peak demand (load-shedding) can be enforced with solid-state switches. This paper presents a different approach, i.e., by modifying the dc voltage of the distribution, the load can be controlled. In order to achieve this objective, a precise on-line identification algorithm is proposed. Theoretical analysis is performed, and simulation results on a study-case distribution system are reported, highlighting how the proposed load identification and control method effectively manages a power curtailment condition without load-shedding or storage systems. Power hardware in the loop simulations on a dc microgrid with a multiport power converter confirm the simulation analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8411499
Pages (from-to)3937-3947
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Aircraft power system
  • dc-dc power converters
  • load modeling
  • multiport power converters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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