Keystroke Dynamics Identification Based on Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Intelligent Keyboard Using Deep Learning Method

Guangquan Zhao, Jin Yang, Jun Chen, Guang Zhu, Zedong Jiang, Xiaoyong Liu, Guangxing Niu, Zhong Lin Wang, Bin Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the heavy reliance on computers and networks, security issues have become a major concern for individuals, companies, and nations. Traditional security measures such as personal identification numbers, tokens, or passwords only provide limited protection. With the development of intelligent keyboard (IKB), this paper proposes a deep-learning-based keystroke dynamics identification method for increased security. The IKB is a kind of self-powered, nonmechanical-punching keyboard, which converts mechanical stimuli applied to the keyboard into local electronic signals. Multilayer deep belief network (DBN) is established to mine the useful information from raw electronic signals and output the keystroke dynamics identification result. The contributions include development of a novel solution that does not rely on manual feature extraction, and provides promising recognition accuracy on large amount of typing samples. One significant advantage of the proposed method is that it extracts features adaptively from the raw current signals and automatically recognizes the typing pattern, which simplifies the design of verification and identification system. The experimental results on 104 typing samples demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. The proposed method has extensive applications in keyboard-based information security.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800167
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • deep belief network
  • feature extraction
  • intelligent keyboard
  • keystroke dynamics identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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