Wu Deng, Ali Cheshmehzangi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingBook Chapterpeer-review


The opening chapter notes that more than half of the world’s current population live in urban settlements. From a historic perspective, the exponential growth of the urban population is a result of cities becoming the ultimate destination for fulfilling the aspirations of material comfort, prosperity and various opportunities. Two of history’s most renowned urban centres, Ur and Anyang, are examined briefly—both failed due to excessive demand without considering the natural capacity and their lack of preparation for the challenges of climate change. The magnitude and complexity of the problems we face today are far greater than those experienced by Ur and Shang. We have to change the way in which we construct our cities, communities and buildings in order not to repeat the failings of past civilisations. This chapter introduces some insights into the ideals of sustainable development, and, subsequently, the concept of eco-development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPalgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NamePalgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies
ISSN (Print)2662-7922
ISSN (Electronic)2662-7930


  • Ancient cities
  • Failure
  • Urban challenges
  • Urbanisation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations


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