Integrated Damper Cage for THD Improvements of Variable Speed Salient-Pole Synchronous Generators for the More Electric Aircraft

Yinli Wang, Stefano Nuzzo, Chris Gerada, He Zhang, Weiduo Zhao, Michael Galea

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Wound field synchronous generators (WFSGs) have been implemented as aircraft main ac power generation for decades. The trend of moving toward more electric aircraft (MEA) made dc and variable-frequency ac buses favorable for the next-generation power systems in aircraft, as opposed to constant frequency ac grid systems. The minimization of the generators' output voltage total harmonic distortion (THD) is an ever-more critical objective, especially for variable-frequency power systems where this target has to be met within the whole range of operating speeds. In conventional, constant speed, and WFSGs, a number of consolidated techniques are implemented to meet this requirement. In variable-speed SGs intended for the MEA, these techniques are no longer fully effective and new methodologies are thus necessary. This article replaces the conventional squirrel-type damper cage with a new integrated damper cage (IDC) located at the interpole regions. The proposed IDC, while acting as a mechanical structure to retain the field windings at high operating speeds, also achieves very low-voltage THD values at different speeds, thus complying with the power quality requirement. A 250-kVA prototype is designed, analyzed, built, and tested to prove the proposed concepts and methodologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3618-3629
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022


  • More electric aircraft (MEA)
  • salient-pole synchronous generator (SG)
  • wound field synchronous generator (WFSG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Automotive Engineering


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