Hormone replacement therapy and cataract: A population-based case-control study

F. O. Aina, Liam Smeeth, R. Hubbard, L. S. Hurt, A. E. Fletcher

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Laboratory studies have suggested that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may protect against the development of cataract, but epidemiological studies in humans have thus far been inconclusive. The aim of this study was to assess the association between hormone replacement therapy and cataract. Methods: Population-based case-control study using data from the General Practice Research Database in the UK. Participants were 10 000 women aged 45 years and over with diagnosed cataract and 10 000 controls matched on age, general practice, and calendar period. Results: The crude odds ratio for the association between cataract and ever-use of oestrogen-only hormone replacement therapy was 1.13 (95-CI 0.99-1.29). This reduced to 0.81 (95-CI 0.71-0.94) after adjustment for consultation rate. Similarly, the crude odds ratio for the association between cataract and ever-use of a formulation containing oestrogen and progestogen was 1.18 (95-CI 1.01-1.39), reducing to 0.86 (95-CI 0.72-1.02) after adjustment for consultation rate. Conclusions: Oestrogen-only and oestrogen-progestogen hormone replacement therapies are associated with a small reduced risk of cataract. This data adds to the growing body of evidence on the effects of HRT on health. All potential benefits and risks of this therapy should be taken into account when considering its use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
JournalEye
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Case-control
  • Cataract
  • Hormone replacement therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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