Highly Robust, Transparent, and Breathable Epidermal Electrode

You Jun Fan, Xin Li, Shuang Yang Kuang, Lei Zhang, Yang Hui Chen, Lu Liu, Ke Zhang, Si Wei Ma, Fei Liang, Tao Wu, Zhong Lin Wang, Guang Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

158 Citations (Scopus)


Recently emerged electronic skins with applications in on-body sensing and human-machine interfaces call for the development of high-performance skin-like electrodes. In this work, we report a highly robust, transparent, and breathable epidermal electrode composed of a scaffold-reinforced conductive nanonetwork (SRCN). Solution-dispersed Ag nanowires, through facile vacuum filtration, are embedded into a scaffold made of polyamide nanofibers. Optical transmittance of 84.9% at 550 nm wavelength is achieved at a significantly low sheet resistance of 8.2 sq-1. The resistance of the SRCN only slightly increases by less than 0.1% after being bent for 3000 cycles at the maximum curvature of 300 m-1 and by less than 1.5% after being dipped in saline solution for 2500 cycles. The excellent robustness is attributed to the reinforcement from the nanofiber-based scaffold as a backbone that maintains the connections among the Ag nanowires by undertaking most of the loaded stress. The SRCN not only forms tight and conformal bonding with the target surface but also allows the evaporation of perspiration, making it suitable as an epidermal electrode for long-time use. Furthermore, fine and clean-cut circuit patterns with a line width on the micrometer scale can be readily prepared, paving the way for fabricating sophisticated functional electronic skins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9326-9332
Number of pages7
JournalACS Nano
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2018


  • electronic skin
  • epidermal electrode
  • flexible electrode
  • nanofibers
  • silver nanowires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Highly Robust, Transparent, and Breathable Epidermal Electrode'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this