Highly efficient ternary organic solar cells with excellent open-circuit voltage and fill factor via precisely tuning molecular stacking and morphology

Dinghong Sun, Zhenyu Chen, Jianfeng Zhang, Wei Song, Jingyu Shi, Jintao Zhu, Yuanyuan Meng, Fei Jin, Shuncheng Yang, Ziyi Ge

Research output: Journal PublicationArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The micro-morphology and molecular stacking play a key role in determining the charge transport process and nonradiative energy loss, thus impacting the performances of organic solar cells (OSCs). To address this issue, a non-fullerene acceptor PhC6-IC-F with alkylbenzene side-chain, possessing optimized molecular stacking, complementary absorption spectra and forming a cascade energy level alignment in the PM6:BTP-eC9 blend, is introduced as guest acceptor to improve efficiency of ternary OSCs. The bulky phenyl in the side-chain can regulate crystallinity and optimizing phase separation between receptors in ternary blend films, resulting in the optimal phase separations in the ternary films. As a result, high efficiencies of 18.33% as photovoltaic layer are obtained for PhC6-IC-F-based ternary devices with excellent fill factor (FF) of 78.92%. Impressively, the ternary system produces a significantly improved open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.857 V compared with the binary device, contributing to the reduced density of trap states and suppressed non-radiative recombination result in lower energy loss. This work demonstrates an effective approach for adjusting the aggregation, molecular packing and fine phase separation morphology to increase Voc and FF, paving the way toward high-efficiency OSCs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScience China Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • alkylbenzene side-chain
  • morphology regulation
  • ternary blends
  • organic solar cells

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