Highly conductive, stretchable, and breathable epidermal electrode based on hierarchically interactive nano-network

You Jun Fan, Peng Tao Yu, Fei Liang, Xin Li, Hua Yang Li, Lu Liu, Jin Wei Cao, Xue Jiao Zhao, Zhong Lin Wang, Guang Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Stretchable electrodes have a crucial impact on the development of flexible electronic systems. Most conventionally blended nanocomposite electrodes are incapable of achieving high stretchability, breathability, or durability. In this work, a highly conductive, breathable, and stretchable epidermal electrode (SEE) is demonstrated by designing a hierarchically interactive nano-network that is composed of elastic polymer nano-fibers and multi-level silver nano-wires (AgNWs). The elastic polymer nano-fibers act as a continuous scaffold, and multi-level AgNWs embedded in the nano-fibers form branched conductive pathways. This structure enables high conductivity of the SEE at 4800 S cm-1 (at a significantly low AgNW content of 1.59 vt%), with high stretchability and excellent durability. For example, the SEE remained conductive even at a high strain of 500%, and it also maintained its initial resistance even after 30 000 cycles of strain at 50% or being washed with water for 100 000 cycles. The SEE was prepared by a facile in situ nonequilibrium fabrication process, and can easily be produced into an elastic circuit on a large scale, which provides a foundation for integrated and multifunctional electronic skins. The SEE possesses superior mechanical conformability and permeability of gas and liquid, and therefore, it was successfully applied in measuring electrocardiogram signals and thermal therapy, and exhibited highly robust and comfortable performances even while being washed with water or undergoing complex deformations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16053-16062
Number of pages10
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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