Free-breathing phase-resolved oxygen-enhanced pulmonary MRI based on 3D stack-of-stars UTE sequence

Pengfei XU, Jichang ZHANG, Zhen NAN, Thomas Meersmann, Chengbo Wang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Compared with hyperpolarized noble gas MRI, oxygen-enhanced lung imaging is a cost-effective approach to investigate lung function. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of free-breathing phase-resolved oxygen-enhanced pulmonary MRI based on a 3D stack-of-stars ultra-short echo time (UTE) sequence. We conducted both computer simulation and in vivo experiments and calculated percent signal enhancement maps of four different respiratory phases on four healthy volunteers from the end of expiration to the end of inspiration. The phantom experiment was implemented to verify simulation results. The respiratory phase was segmented based on the extracted respiratory signal and sliding window reconstruction, providing phase-resolved pulmonary MRI. Demons registration algorithm was applied to compensate for respiratory motion. The mean percent signal enhancement of the average phase increases from anterior to posterior region, matching previous literature. More details of pulmonary tissues were observed on post-oxygen inhalation images through the phase-resolved technique. Phase-resolved UTE pulmonary MRI shows the potential as a valuable method for oxygen-enhanced MRI that enables the investigation of lung ventilation on middle states of the respiratory cycle.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3270
Number of pages17
Issue number9
Early online date22 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2022


  • oxygen-enhanced lung MRI
  • phase resolve
  • free-breathing
  • UTE sequence
  • stack-of-stars


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