Finite element analysis of studded tyre performance on snow: a study of traction

Elias Abou Fakhr, Christos Spitas

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper presents a finite element analysis (FEA) model of a studded tyre rolling on snow. The model takes into account the mechanical properties of both the tyre and the snow, as well as the interactions between them. The FEA simulations were performed using single set of 99 studs with constant compaction depth, and the results were compared to experimental data. The study found that the studded tyre was able to significantly improve traction on snow-covered roads by a minimum factor of 1.17 at −50% slip and a maximum factor of 1.5 at an interval of 50% to 100% slip, compared to non-studded tyre, and that the FEA model accurately predicted the tyre’s behaviour in these conditions. The results of this study can be used to optimise the design of studded tyres and to improve the safety of vehicles in snowy conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1380-1400
Number of pages21
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Drucker–Prager-cap model
  • Mooney–Rivlin model
  • studded tyre
  • tyre–snow interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanical Engineering


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