Evaluation of ammonia co-firing in the CRIEPI coal jet flame using a three mixture fraction FPV-LES

Dominik Meller, Linus Engelmann, Patrick Wollny, Kazuki Tainaka, Hiroaki Watanabe, Paulo Amaral Debiagi, Oliver T. Stein, Andreas M. Kempf

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Highly resolved Large Eddy Simulations (LES) are performed to investigate co-firing of coal and ammonia in a burner experiment conducted by the Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) in Japan. The coaxial burner with a hydrogen supported pulverized coal flame is modeled using the in-house code PsiPhi. A three mixture fraction flamelet/progress variable (FPV) approach is employed to simulate coal particle conversion due to devolatilization, hydrogen combustion, and ammonia combustion. Three cases are investigated and compared to each other: 1) a coal combustion case, injecting air and coal particles, 2) an ammonia combustion case, injecting a mixture of ammonia and air, and 3) a co-firing combustion case, injecting a mixture of coal, ammonia and air in the center tube. Two mechanisms are used to build the chemistry table and are compared against each other: a reduced CRECK mechanism with 120 reaction species and 1551 elementary reactions, originally reduced for coal combustion modeling, and a newly introduced reduced CRECK mechanism with 129 reaction species and 1644 elementary reactions, including the detailed NH3 reaction paths in addition to the coal chemistry. Species are compared for the coal case and temperature fields are compared for both the coal and co-firing case. Normalized LIF signals for OH and NH are presented for all three cases. The gas composition profiles are in good agreement with the experiment and the temperature fields are consistent with previous results for the pure coal flames. For pure ammonia and for ammonia co-firing, the new mechanism shows an improved prediction of the reaction zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3615-3624
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Ammonia
  • Co-firing
  • Flamelet/progress variable
  • Large eddy simulation
  • Pulverized coal combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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