Enhancing Financial Fraud Detection through Addressing Class Imbalance Using Hybrid SMOTE-GAN Techniques

Patience Chew Yee Cheah, Yue Yang, Boon Giin Lee

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The class imbalance problem in finance fraud datasets often leads to biased prediction towards the nonfraud class, resulting in poor performance in the fraud class. This study explores the effects of utilizing the Synthetic Minority Oversampling TEchnique (SMOTE), a Generative Adversarial Network (GAN), and their combinations to address the class imbalance issue. Their effectiveness was evaluated using a Feed-forward Neural Network (FNN), Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), and their hybrid (FNN+CNN). This study found that regardless of the data generation techniques applied, the classifier’s hyperparameters can affect classification performance. The comparisons of various data generation techniques demonstrated the effectiveness of the hybrid SMOTE and GAN, including SMOTified-GAN, SMOTE+GAN, and GANified-SMOTE, compared with SMOTE and GAN. The SMOTified-GAN and the proposed GANified-SMOTE were able to perform equally well across different amounts of generated fraud samples.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110
JournalInternational Journal of Financial Studies
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • class imbalance
  • data generation
  • deep learning
  • financial fraud detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance

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