Enhanced flowability and film properties of ultrafine powder coatings modulated by modified flow additive

Junqing Xie, Dangchen Xue, Danni Bao, Xinping Zhu, Yuanyuan Shao, Haiping Zhang, Hui Zhang, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Ultrafine powder coatings have superior film performance but poor flowability due to the high interaction between particles, which can be improved by the addition of inorganic flow additives. However, the improvement is limited and more importantly, the film performance deteriorates because of their incompatibility with the organic coating resin. In this study, a resin encapsulation approach was proposed to modify the commercial inorganic flow additives for the improvement of powder flowability and maintaining film quality. The effects of resin content and additive dosage on the flowability characterized by angle of repose (AOR) and avalanche angle (AVA), and film performance characterized by gloss, seed density and surface roughness were systematically investigated in two powder coating systems. It was found that the encapsulation of additives with the same resin of the host powder coating can enhance both flowability and film properties, compared to commercial nano-silica. With the increase of resin content, both the AOR and AVA first decrease to a minimal value at resin content of 5 % to 10 % and then increase when applying excessive resin encapsulation. Similar to the effect of resin content, there is also an optimal additive dosage at 0.3 to 0.5 wt% for the best flowability, while excessive additives lead to “bridge effect”. The negative effect raised by the additives on film quality can be mitigated by resin encapsulation. Higher gloss and lower roughness are obtained at larger resin content, while the smallest seed density is at resin content of 10 %. The study provides an effective and facile way to ameliorate the function of the flow additive and enhance the properties of powder coating films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107483
JournalProgress in Organic Coatings
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • Encapsulation
  • Film property
  • Flow additive
  • Flowability
  • Powder coating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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