Electricity−free electroluminescence excited by droplet impact driven triboelectric field on Solid−Liquid interface

Xue Jiao Zhao, Shuang Yang Kuang, Zhong Lin Wang, Guang Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, a novel solid-liquid interfacing triboelectric field based electroluminescence (SL-TEL) was proposed. When a droplet impacting on the SL-TEL device surface, specific textured green SL-TEL emit on the two cross-overlapped areas. As a coupling effect of solid-liquid interfacing triboelectrification and electroluminescence, the SL-TEL is essentially a type of electroluminescence excited by changing triboelectric field of droplet impact or wave scour. It relies on converting mechanical energy of liquid to visual light energy utilizing an intermediate triboelectric field without any electric power consumption. The SL-TEL device simply consist of three thin flexible layers, which is greatly simplifying the electroluminescent device structure and showing strong advantages of simple structure such as easy to integration and excellent stability. Experiments show that sequential liquid motions of droplet impinging on solid surface excite a corresponding dynamic series of electroluminescence patterns. The features of the electroluminescence also reveal the characteristics of liquid and the solid surface, such as contour edge of liquid spreading, capillary convergence of liquid at the apex (advancing and receding), and so on, which is capable of both sensing liquid leakage and displaying the dynamic information of droplets impacting motions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104823
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • Droplet impacting
  • Electrolumiscence
  • Power free
  • Solid-liquid interface
  • Triboelectric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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