Efficient Audiovisual Fusion for Active Speaker Detection

Fiseha B. Tesema, Jason Gu, Wei Song, Hong Wu, Shiqiang Zhu, Zheyuan Lin

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


Active speaker detection (ASD) refers to detecting the speaking person among visible human instances in a video. Existing methods widely employed a similar audiovisual fusion approach, the concatenation. Although such a fusion approach is often argued to help enhance performance, it must be noted that neither feature modalities play an equal role. It forces the backend network to focus on learning intramodal rather than intermodal features. Another concern is that since the concatenation doubles the fused feature dimension that feeds from the audio and video module, it creates a higher computational overhead for the backend network. To address these problems, this work hypothesizes that instead of leveraging deterministic fusion operation, employing an efficient fusion technique may assist the network in learning efficiently and improve detection accuracy. This work proposes an efficient audiovisual fusion (AVF) with fewer feature dimensions that captures the correlations between facial regions and sound signals, focusing more on the discriminative facial features and associating them with the corresponding audio features. Furthermore, previous ASD works focus only on improving ASD performance by creating a large computational overhead using complex techniques such as adding sophisticated postprocessing, applying smoothing techniques on the classifier to refine the network outputs at multiple stages, or assembling the multiple network outputs. This work proposed a simple yet effective end-to-end ASD using the newly proposed feature fusion approach, the AVF. The proposed framework attained a mAP of 84.384% on the validation set of the most challenging audiovisual speaker detection benchmark, the AVA-ActiveSpeaker. With this, this work outperformed previous works that did not apply the postprocessing tasks and attained competitive detection accuracy compared to other works that employed different postprocessing tasks. The proposed model also learns better on the unsynchronized raw AVA-ActiveSpeaker dataset. The ablation experiments under different image scale settings and noisy signals show the AFV's effectiveness and robustness than the concatenation operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45140-45153
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Active speaker detection
  • audiovisual fusion
  • deep learning
  • human-computer interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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