Effect of LiFSI Concentrations to Form Thickness- and Modulus-Controlled SEI Layers on Lithium Metal Anodes

Muqin Wang, Liyuan Huai, Guohong Hu, Shanshan Yang, Feihong Ren, Shuwei Wang, Zhenggang Zhang, Zhenlian Chen, Zhe Peng, Cai Shen, Deyu Wang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

125 Citations (Scopus)


Improving the cyclic stability of lithium metal anodes is of particular importance for developing high-energy-density batteries. In this work, a remarkable finding shows that the control of lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) concentrations in electrolytes significantly alters the thickness and modulus of the related SEI layers, leading to varied cycling performances of Li metal anodes. In an electrolyte containing 2 M LiFSI, an SEI layer of ∼70 nm that is obviously thicker than those obtained in other concentrations is observed through in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM). In addition to the decomposition of FSI- anions that generates rigid lithium fluoride (LiF) as an SEI component, the modulus of this thick SEI layer with a high LiF content could be significantly strengthened to 10.7 GPa. Such a huge variation in SEI modulus, much higher than the threshold value of Li dendrite penetration, provides excellent performances of Li metal anodes with Coulombic efficiency higher than 99%. Our approach demonstrates that the FSI- anions with appropriate concentration can significantly alter the SEI quality, establishing a meaningful guideline for designing electrolyte formulation for stable lithium metal batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9825-9834
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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